January 13th, 2021
We propose a new semi-analytical model, describing the bandwidth evolution of pulses propagating in dispersion managed (DM) transmission systems using multimodal graded-index fibers (GRIN) with parabolic index. The model also applies to monomodal fiber DM systems, representing the limit case where beam self-imaging vanishes. The model is successfully compared with the direct integration of the (1+1)D nonlinear Schrödinger equation for parabolic GRIN fibers, and to experimental results performed by using the transmission of femtosecond pulses over a 5 m span of GRIN fiber. At the high pulse powers that are possible in multimodal fibers, the pulse bandwidth variations produced by the interplay of cumulated dispersion and self-phase modulation can become the most detrimental effect, if not properly managed. The analytical model, numerical and experimental results all point to the existence of an optimal amount of chromatic dispersion, that must be provided to the input pulse, for obtaining a periodic evolution of its bandwidth. Results are promising for the generation of spatio-temporal DM solitons in parabolic GRIN fibers, where the stable, periodic time-bandwidth behaviour that was already observed in monomodal systems is added to the characteristic spatial beam self-imaging.
M. Zitelli, M. Ferraro, F. Mangini, and S. Wabnitz, “Managing Self-Phase Modulation in Pseudolinear Multimodal and Monomodal Systems,” J. of Lightwave Technol. (in press) https://arxiv.org/abs/2101.12599